Artificial Intelligence and Green Economy

Artificial Intelligence or AI is “the intelligence exhibited by machines or software.” This also includes the study of how to create computer and computer software with intelligence. Artificial Intelligence is more actually extremely common. Nine times out of ten AI is used in your daily life. All of this modern technology being created is considered Artificial Intelligence. For example if you use Siri on your phone, binge watch Netflix shows, order a pizza online, or even fly a toy drone, Artificial Intelligence is being used. AI is more specifically being used to increase efficiency within businesses. AI helps businesses do well and work more efficiently with more computer operated machinery. AI is involved in developing the different types of bots that have been created or are being created. This being said, that means that they are a way of innovating different products and services.

Artificial Intelligence or AI is “the intelligence exhibited by machines or software.” which can also have a positive influence on the green Economy.

How is Artificial Intelligence related to the Green Economy?

The Green Economy is “an economy that aims at reducing environmental risks and ecological scarcities…”. The reduction of environmental risks makes development sustainable while protecting the environment. As stated above, AI is involved in a lot of technology. This being so means that it is playing a role in increasing the Green Economy. There has been a huge increase in the development of Artificial Intelligence from 2011 to 2016. The larger these increase the more the Green Economy gains.

How Sustainable is Artificial Intelligence

AI is already impeccably advanced and as time continues it will be further developed. AI offers these advanced opportunities to companies to help “reduce their environmental and social impact” by means of making their company work more efficiently along with bettering their products. One of the biggest factors AI has helped is a pollution problem. When sustainability comes to mind, pollution is the biggest factor against us, but now they have AI to help. When most energy companies create electricity, they do so by burning coal. When the coal is burned they are creating a huge byproduct of nitrous oxide. Nitrous oxide is an extremely strong greenhouse gas that causes climate change. Like some other greenhouse gases, nitrous oxide also harms the ozone layer. Therefore, burning coal directly affects the green economy in the most harmful way.

How AI is helping this problem is by stimulating the human brain when these greenhouses are released. This data is quickly analyzed and recommendations for adjustment are made. These adjustments help reduce the amount of nitrous oxide that is released while still keeping the same rate of production. Once this was seen to be working, many other coal burning companies began to use it as well. So when they ask if AI will be sustainable, this is a definite yes. AI hasn’t even reached its full potential yet and it is already helping one of the largest world-wide problems. AI is showing how technological advances are used for the greater good.

Why it’s Such a Big Deal That All of the New iPhones Use Face ID

Wherever Apple and iPhone lead the mobile world follows. The dominance of the iPhone is obvious. In the fiscal year 2017, approximately 214 million iPhones were sold worldwide. Apple took a 51% of global market share. Although competitors do not wish to accept the iPhone’s power, Apple is once again shifting the market. The iPhone will now use facial biometrics rather than fingerprint scans.

The iPhone will now use facial biometrics rather than fingerprint scans.

The technologies behind the iPhone X facial recognition are nothing short of revolutionary. A facial depth map of 30,000 infrared dots is situated in a grid on a user’s face. An embedded sensor and a neural network compare the current facial scan to one held securely in the A11 biometric chip. This process takes only a fraction of a second and cannot be compromised.

Assuming Apple follows their customary technology release pattern, facial scanning is merely the introduction to comprehensive security. Experts agree, securing privileged data is best achieved by isolating the information into hardware and access permitted solely by a comparative biometric scan. Apple began their ascent to the most valuable company in the world by hardware architecture, not software.

The Competition Follows

The shift has started. Samsung’s facial scanning technology has been in the works for some time. The next release of the Galaxy series of smartphones will feature 3D facial scanning. 2D scanning is a stop-gap measure for other manufacturers until their technology is out of beta.

Android is set to deliver 3D facial recognition and face modeling. The AI driven technology is being provided from a trilateral manufacturer partnership of Himax, MediaTek and Megvii. The initiative is targeted at bringing 3D facial scanning to a broader market. Inexpensive 3D scanning is forecasted to replace fingerprint scanning in just a few years.

A depth map for the new 3D technology will launch a grid of between 7,000 and 10,000 infrared dots onto a user’s face. Apple’s technology employs a 30,000-dot grid. The three-company collaboration says the form-factor will be considerably smaller, increasing cost savings. The technology called an “Active Stereo Camera” is being used for alternative applications. Payment authentication, portrait and beautification solutions, and medical services are taking advantage of the new 3D facial scanning.

Just One Biometric Authentication

Apple's biometric technology has transformed the mobile industry.

Apple uses mono-modality to iPhone security, meaning only one approach. First, it was Touch ID which has been part of the iPhone since 2013. The same hardware isolation model was employed on Apple’s fingerprint scanning technology. There have been other models of the iPhone introduced since the X model in 2017. None feature Touch ID. Apple is moving all-in on facial biometric scanning as their principal security system.

Most iPhone competitors use a combination of login technologies. Experts agree, running multiple modes of verification is preferable to an individual technology. However, Apple has their experts as well, and the company prefers to focus on a specific method of access into their systems. Even though Apple did not originate the technology, they were the first company to provide facial scanning in such a high-profile device.

Apple’s biometric technology has transformed the mobile industry. There was a wealth of press before the iPhone X release, questioning how the new Facial Scanning biometrics would fit in with consumer lifestyles. There has been no pushback to the technology. Competitors are again scrambling to catch up to the dominant player in the smartphone market.

Unlock Your Phone … With Your Face

Steve Jobs was an amazing technological revolutionist with his creation of Apple and its many products; most notably, the iPhone. With a new iPhone being released just about every year, it can become difficult to keep up with the next best thing from Apple. One of Apple’s most popular accomplishment is the iPhone X.

Aside from the iPhone X's larger infinity screen, it's the biggest selling feature that it focuses on for the advertisements is its ability to use a picture of the user's face in order to unlock their phone.

Facial Recognition: How does it work?

Aside from the iPhone X’s larger infinity screen, it’s the biggest selling feature that it focuses on for the advertisements is its ability to use a picture of the user’s face in order to unlock their phone. The big question is, how exactly does it work? Biometric facial recognition for Apple’s iPhone X uses infrared and visible light scans to identify the user’s face. This isn’t the first time we have been introduced to this type of technology. Regardless, this facial recognition has been what everyone has been talking about since the release of the phone. Most likely due to the fact that Apple removed the “Touch ID” system altogether.

Apple published a white page that explains the technology behind the Face ID a little more in depth. The white page claims that this biometric technology has a low false rate; however, there are been cases of users able to bypass the Face ID on a phone that is not theirs. So, the claim of a low false rate is debatable on the matter of what Apple constitutes as “low.”

The Face ID technology utilizes a “TrueDepth camera.” The TrueDepth camera uses 30,000 infrared dots to create a depth map of the user’s face as well as producing a 2D infrared image. The data collected from this process is then used to create a plethora of 2D images and depth maps; each with their own unique signature, and then sent to the Secure Enclave.

How Strong is Face ID’s Security?

Apple claims that the TrueDepth camera will randomize the images and customizes a random pattern unique to the specific device in use. At which point, the bionic processor will transform the data into an algorithm, and then compares that data to the information given to the Face ID. This is a great idea in theory, but the implementation of it is flawed. First off, the new face ID method is not a reliable biometric source. Most people invest in iPhone because they generally have a fantastic security system. Unfortunately, the Face ID may not be as secure as you think.

Most people invest in iPhone because they generally have a fantastic security system. Unfortunately, the Face ID may not be as secure as you think.

Nothing in this world is unbeatable. No matter how great you are at writing code, there’s going to be someone out there that’s better at hacking it. This same concept goes towards biometric passcodes like Touch and Face ID. However, every time someone is able to “beat the system” and fake their way past the Touch or Face ID, Apple is right there to correct and strengthen their security with their ID recognition systems. However, seeing as iPhone X is still fresh and new, the biometric scanning system is still highly vulnerable to potential hacks. There are ways to get around the Face ID already that Apple still has not fixed. Methods such as finding a picture of the phone user on social media have been proven to work in unlocking a phone, thus, granting the hacker access to all of your personal information.

Even though Face ID is relatively vulnerable to hacks, there is no evidence in favor of either Face ID or Touch ID to have stronger security than the other. In the end, the pin code will always be the most secure method to keep your information safe.

It’s Okay Though

Everything that is new goes through a “bug fixing” period. Nothing is ever perfect the first time. Therefore, even though some of the features of the new iPhone X may be flawed, those flaws will more than likely be addressed by the developers. In that event, the developers will do their best to fix the issues that they can and release a new device. If you currently have or are deciding on purchasing an iPhone X, understand that although the Face ID feature might be a neat trick; although, it hasn’t been proven to be as secure as Apple makes it out to be. Just keep in mind that the pin passcode is safe and reliable as long as you update it frequently and utilize random number sequences.

At the end of the day, Face ID is essentially the same as Touch ID since Touch ID has roughly the same potential of being hacked as Face ID does.

A Brief History of the Creation of Bots

A bot is a software application that uses scripts and the internet to carry out automated tasks. One of the main purposes for the creation of bots was to make the lives of humans simpler. They are able to successfully complete tasks faster and more efficiently than a human can. Bots were created on messaging platforms such as the InterBot Column. This enables a bot to send messages to internet servers to make actions applicable to what one is trying to do.

Bots were created on messaging platforms so that they can send messages to Internet servers to perform actions that apply to what you are trying to do.

Types of Bots

There are many different types of bots that have been created. Some of the main ones are Travel Bots, Emergency Bots, Interbots and Socialbots used for social business. Travel Bots are the bots that control flight or hotel websites. These bots have people enter information about when their travel plans are and then it does its best to find coordinating flights. A travel bot also helps to find a hotel to stay at while you are on vacation or travelling.

Emergency bots are used for emergency calls and security. They are beginning to use these emergency bots in 911 call centers and even some other call centers such as suicide prevention. Emergency bots are also contributory to border security. These bots are being used in the form of drones to watch the borders of the United States. They can help with the safety of public figures when travelling, preventing human trafficking or trafficking of any kind and safely allowing military personnel out of the country and into other countries. Interbots are bots that talk to one another. These bots make it possible for businesses to communicate with anyone more efficiently. And last but not least, there are socialbots. Socialbots serve as automated customer service representatives. They allow businesses to save time by using these bots as a resource. Socialbots also boost company efficiency. The timely manner it takes for a bot to respond versus a human is a lot shorter. This being said, bots lead to customer satisfaction which reflects highly on the business.

What will the future hold for Bots?

As bots are continually being developed, in the future they will become even greater tools of power. For example, bots are being used for self-driving cars. These automated bots that are functioning by Artificial Intelligence works with systems to function self-driven cars. In May they began trials to test the data of the project in the UK. They are acquiring data to find better ways to develop the product. Who knows, maybe they will create another high tech gadget while running tests. Although it will take nearly 13 years for these developments to become official, they have begun and no matter how long it takes they will be successful at some point. Bots are the future, and the future is looking bright.

The Development of Virtual Reality and Travel

Everyone has that moment where they want nothing more than to be elsewhere. Whether it is a specific place, such as a state, country or local business, there are times when you wish nothing more than to be there. Some may ask, “Why not just take a trip?” And the reason one can’t “just take a trip” is because life gets in the way. The struggle of finding flights, hotels, and especially the cost is the reason most people are reluctant to travel. Now with Virtual Reality and Travel, a more non-expensive way of visiting anywhere you want is possible.

Now with Virtual Reality and Travel, a more non-expensive way of visiting anywhere you want is possible.

When virtual reality was a newer system in 2009 it was being studied by undergraduates at a University in Massachusetts. What inspired them was the process of choosing a University to attend. They did not like the idea of choosing a college just based off of research and some pictures. Also, the pictures did not fully show everything on the campus and what surrounded the University. They decided that Virtual Reality would be the tool to give future students a larger insight on the college and some of the city. Their final creation was a website called YouVisit. This website allows one to access almost any college in any location and see it through virtual reality. It is like a 360 degree video. From these three undergraduates creation, the technology of Virtual Reality has expanded immensely. Virtual Reality has gone from showing college campuses to showing entire cities and artifacts such as New York City and museums in foreign countries.

Who uses Virtual Reality?

It is now known that Virtual Reality is used for seeing college campuses and overheads of places around the world, but believe it or not, it is being used for even more. Businesses are always looking for ways to get ahead. The North Face clothing line has used Virtual Reality to set them at a technological advantage. The North Face relies on the durability of their clothing to be successful. They have a lot of clothing for outdoor activities and for cooler weather. When it comes to these two categories, nobody wants their product they purchased to be flimsy. Through a picture, one can’t truly see how durable the clothing is. Therefore, The North Face began using Virtual Reality to show people wearing their clothing while doing numerous things, such as climbing mountains. This is an extremely smart idea, and is also beneficial towards their business. Other places of businesses also use Virtual Reality. For example, hotels use this system. They are able to show prospective residents a clearer and more realistic picture of what they can expect when residing at their hotels. This is really good for your business because if you can show that your hotel has features others might not have, customers would be more likely to choose your establishment simply because they do not have to “take their chances” of what your hotel will or will not include. Conclusively, virtual reality is a jump in videography and beneficial to providers and consumers.

What is Industry 4.0?

Industry 4.0 simply expresses an industrial revolution. When thinking about it, that is truly, what has slowly been happening and is continuing as the years pass. These developments are of various sorts. Those being bots, self-driving cars, drones, 3D technology, sensors, virtual reality and much more. To prepare for all of these advancements, they need to find a way to deal with humongous loads of data coming in from various channels. The key to industrializing America furthermore is to have quick tech savvy machines.

Who is taking part in the Revolution of Industrialization?

In Germany the concept of Industry 4.0 has taken action fully. They are increasing the correspondence between businesses and customers daily. Due to Germany advancing their business capabilities they have made it possible for manufacturers from all over to have cost reductions, increased safety and the risk to human errors diminished. For other countries to be involved in Industry 4.0 they have to have a close range of manufacturers to educate. This is simply because you need people to rely on more than just a bot to do their job correctly. They need to understand the machines and be able to be innovative when it comes to experiencing the usage of this technology first hand.

Virtual Reality Revolutionizing the Workplace

Virtual Reality is like seeing the world through a controlled state. Yes, everything is as it would be in real life, but you would not have to deal with the trials and tribulations of the real world. On Your text to link… they list four valid reasons virtual reality is revolutionizing the workplace. They are the following: unifying geographically diverse workplaces, creating safe and controlled testing and training environments, reimagining the ‘second-screen’ experience, and acquiring top talent. A lot of places of work have business CEO’s who can’t be in two places at once, so they do video calls. Although these have been successful, using virtual reality would allow for a more in person meeting. When learning new techniques in the work place it can be dangerous due to low staffing or simply because there has not been sufficient practice yet. With virtual technology, this risk for danger is eliminated. The ‘second-screen’ is like doing two things at once. Virtual reality technology can help with the organization of files by applying the second-screen. You would use the VR screen to organize documents and in your peripheral vision, you would manually file the documents. This would make your job a lot simpler and it would also hold your focus, for you can’t grab for your phone or be distracted by too many other things. Lastly there is acquiring top talent. If you are looking for a job, most of the time there is an idea of how to proceed, but all of the detailed work is unknown until the job is yours. With VR future hires can see the workplace and experience the environment before they even start.

Gender Distribution in Artificial Intelligence Applications

We’ve all heard someone say “robots are going to take over the world.” In a way, technology is being advanced to the point where this is possible. Some may not have noticed, but robots are being used for various different tasks. As time goes on these tasks they are able to perform are becoming more and more advanced. Artificial Intelligence Applications are “bots” such as Siri, Cortana and Alexa that are being introduced to our daily lives. These bots are programs that are designed to behave like a player or person. In order to do this, these bots are made with an autonomous program on a network such as the internet that interacts with computer systems or users. Bots are progressing and are being used for even more technological advances. Now the question is why and how are these bots assigned a gender?

Artificial Intelligence Applications are “bots” such as Siri, Cortana and Alexa that are being introduced to our daily lives.

Female and Male Bots

It is said that male engineering groups typically give female names to the bots they create. This is because the female voice is found to be more calming and that results in a more comfortable connection between a human and a bot. Although they try to say this is false and their bots are not gender specified, gender is shown through the voice, appearance (if shown) and name of the bot. Although a lot of bots are thought to be women, there are a lot of men bots as well and the numbers are closer than many would think. These male bots are mainly seen in movies as robots. Some movies with male bots would be Wall-E, iRobot, and Star Wars just to name a few. This does not exclude female bots from being in movies, such as the movie “Her,” it simply is justifying that male ones are more common.

What are these bots used for?

Almost every smart phone or gaming console is equipped with a bot. Some examples were listed earlier. The most well-known bot would be Siri. Siri is the Apple IPhone bot that assists in calling, texting, setting reminders or alarms and much more. Although Siri seems like a gender neutral name, the voice no matter the accent is a bit more feminine. A noticeably female bot would be Amazon’s Alexa. Alexa is very much like Siri except rather than being on a phone; this bot is its own individual product. Alexa is always listening and answers to what you ask or say. These bots are very useful and resourceful, but there are bots being created to be used for tasks that are even further advanced. Some things they are now being used for are: Self-driving cars, assistants and customer service. The most well-known advancement would probably be customer service. Everyone has seen how store after store is becoming equipped with self-checkout stations. These stations (that are operated by bots) are taking the jobs of human beings but are part of developing a better technology filled future. Having these bot controlled check out stations and virtual assistants has helped lead to the development of self-driving cars. So when they say robots are taking over the world they are pretty accurate.

New: Interbots

Interbots or IBC is a messaging channel that consists of bots communicating with other bots. They are introducing a new and extremely cool way of communicating. There can be an interbot for nearly everything, which will be described later on. They can almost be thought of as a more high tech google translate. They allow for you to use systems that are based in other countries or systems that do not directly use your language. They can also simply be used for normal communications between businesses and companies. Interbots have more than likely been used by a majority of people. Whenever one simply types in a question on a foreign site, or a site that uses a different language, these language-interbots are being used. These various interbots communicate through the InterBot Console, which helps translate communications to complete the tasks set at hand.

Whenever one simply types in a question on a foreign site, or a site that uses a different language, these language-interbots are being used.

How do Interbots Work?

For example, let’s say there is a shopping bot. This shopping bot understands English and communicates with customers in English. If one is more comfortable speaking German, then they would build a German shopping bot. This German shopping bot would communicate with the English shopping bot in order to translate the conversation. This interaction consists of three bots, the shopping bot, English bot and German bot, communicating with each other to make your experience more efficient. In this scenario you would use the following in the InterBot Console: @shoppingbot + @eng2gerbot / @germanshoppingbot / @ger2engbot. This is telling the console to translate what they are saying from English to German. Once it is translated to German, and there is a response, the system receives the response that is translated back to English. This then turns into a recurring pattern until the conversation is done.

How are Interbots Useful?

Interbots are of extremely great use. They make customer interactions with businesses a lot easier. Interbots are also used for various other things. These things include flights, hotels, taxi, cafés, assistants and much more. Interbots can communicate with flights and hotels. They do this by combining the services of the booked flight with the hotel. How this works is when you choose a flight, the “flight bot” will communicate with the “hotel bot” and it will provide you with hotels that are available at the time your flight arrives. This can also be done vice versa. The “hotel bot” can communicate with the “flight bot” to find a flight by the time your hotel reservation expires. This also applies to the taxi and café. The “taxi bot” will communicate with the “café bot” and your coffee will be ready by the time your taxi arrives to the café. As for the virtual assistant, this bot would come in handy the most. These “personal assistant bots” can do anything from take notes to schedule meetings. This innovative technology is a true way of simplifying life while also introducing new and exciting technology. Knowing that this is only the beginning one can only imaging the lengths interbots will be taken to in the future.

Emergency Bots

Emergency bots are anything from bots that answer 911 calls to drones. Normally a 911 or any other emergency call is answered by a person, but now that these places aren’t staffed as much, emergency bots help fill the vacant spaces. Having emergency bots answer 911 calls can seem a bit tedious because people are usually frantic and for a bot to try to maintain a conversation would be a bit difficult. Due to the importance of these calls, emergency bots are extremely advanced. These bots are able to pick up location and language. This makes it more efficient for the 911 call responders. The bots are able to connect the person with one who can understand either their language or accent.

Emergency bots are very sophisticated to meet the importance of emergency situations.

The bots are also able to connect the caller to someone within their immediate location. This is extremely important so that when people arrive at the location they are prepared to the best of their abilities. Emergency bots are becoming so advanced that it has been predicted that over 85 percent of interactions between businesses and customers will have no involvement of a human on the business side by 2020. Without even knowing it, the majority of your phone calls through customer care are led by bots. Bots have become a huge contribution to customer care and will more than likely become a huge part of more emergent matters.

Emergency Bots for Safety

Scientists are working on robotic drones for security on the country’s border. Before drones, Homeland Security used unmanned vehicles with cameras for border surveillance. They have been using these surveillance vehicles since 2005. It can be assumed that this is reliable, but like everything, technology evolves. Staying with one set plan does not assure long term success. Using these vehicles for surveillance is a difficult task. They have to be in the right place at the right time to be activated. This means there is a lot of room for errors and when dealing with border security, this is not something that can take any errors. With the help of bots in the form of drones, this room for error becomes minimized. Drones are more advanced and the technology on them is still advancing.

How are drones used for security?

At the University of Arizona, researchers were given a grant from the US Air Force Office of Scientific Research to create a surveillance system to monitor the United States’ border with Mexico. They are creating this artificial intelligence development for a surveillance system that includes more realistic data and can respond to threats faster. Overall they want to be able to make everything safer and more efficient. Everything would include the travel of high power authority figures, to military personnel. Huge developments of these drones allow are the ability to fly low. Having low-flying drones will allow traffickers to be picked up. Trafficking of any kind is extremely important and dangerous. Having a system enabled to track and stop this kind of behavior is extremely important. This can prevent the loss of lives and the illegal dealings over borders. Conclusively, the development of these higher tech emergency bots allows the United States Department of Homeland Security Customs and Border Protection to be notified of unsafe activities and the locations of these activities much faster.

Upcoming Travel Bots

Everybody knows the struggle of planning a vacation or trip. From booking flights to finding hotels, it becomes a real hassle. With travel bots, which are said to be “virtual travel assistants,” this process is made a lot easier. A travel bot is an artificial intelligence (AI) design that responds to messages instantly. These bots typically help to find the best flights, hotels, and even gifts. Travel bots are rather new and most have come about around three years ago. You will mainly see Travel bots being used for finding flights or hotels.

Travel bots are rather new and most have come about around three years ago. You will mainly see Travel bots being used for finding flights or hotels.

How Are Travel Bots Useful?

Instead of spending your time trying to search multiple sites for the best hotels or cheapest flights you can spend your time planning what to do when you get there, while a travel bot finds these things for you. For companies, these travel bots save time and money. With the help of travel bots there is less of a demand for customer service representatives. The bots can manage questions and give excellent results. Travel agencies and hotels are also able to be more productive due to these travel bots. Instead of having to notify potential customers of prices and or other information, one can receive this information from the travel bot.

How do you use a Travel Bot?

Some of the first sites to have a travel bot were Kayak, Skyscanner, and Cheapflights. For example, Cheapflights works by entering your flight location and destination along with dates and amount of people. Once all of this information is entered, it loads a list of travel sites that you can go on to find the best and or cheapest flight. If one wanted to find a hotel the process would be similar. You would go on a site such as Kayak and search the place you are visiting and then you will receive different hotels that you can look further into. You can even use a travel bot to find and send a gift to anyone. You can buy almost anything such as gift cards, gift baskets, and much more. It is also possible to have gifts sent to or from other countries which makes things so much easier price wise. Although travel bots are recent and there is still some experimentation, they have turned out well thus far. They have made life on both ends more efficient. It is believed that travel bots will develop into an even more hassle free network for safe and easy travel.